Hazelbury Bryan


Hearth Tax Assessments 1662–1664


Extracted by Tony Higgins


The Hearth Tax was an attempt to tax people according to their wealth, working on the principle that the wealthier they were the more hearth’s they would have in their home. The tax and variants were in existence for several decades but records for this parish only exist for 1662 and 1664. It was often found that people had stopped up hearths after the first taxation in order to reduce their tax


The document here published is the Hearth Tax Assessment for Dorset ...... for Michaelmas 1664; it is based on and embodies the earlier assessment for 1662.”



Mr Thomas Arnold 4

Mr James Rawson 3

Henry Short 5

Nichas Gillet 4

Mr James Rawson 2

George Browne 4

Mr Gabrielle Reeue 2

Edmund Keynell 4

Tobias Stone 1

John Stone 3

Brune Trottle 3

Sarah Burt wid’ 2

Richard Trim 2

Humfrey Christovers 1

William Watts 3

Aphrodosie Ingram 4

Joseph Studley 2

Widd’ Hann 4

John Gawler 2

Dennis Burt 2

Joseph Ingram 1

Willm’ Cobb 1

Joseph Reynold 1 no such man

Richard Graunt 2

James Durneford 2

James Stakely 4

Thomas Cooke 2

John Michell 2

Allen Dyke 2

Tho’ Northover and his sonn John 1

Richard Paine 2

Ralph White 2

James Taswell 1

John Arnold 1

Willm’ Keynes 2

Willm’ Corbyn 2

Willm Roberts 1

Joane Loder wid’ 1 poor

Honor Gatrell wid’ 2

John Crocker 2 poor

John Gawler 3

John Day 3

Richard Young 2

Barnaby Gilbert 2

Willm’ Guy 5

Willm’ Ham 3

Widd’ Foote 1

Thomas Taswell 3

Edward Sutton 1

Thomas Grene 3

Phillip Phelpes 2

Willm’ Dormyny 2 poor

Nicholas Hill 3

Thomas Cardman 1

Laurence Condinet 1

Tho’ White 1

John Galping 1

Phillip Atkins 3 No destres

Richard Butcher 2

Mr Willm’ Sanders 2

Anthony Woodes 3

John Crosse 1

Walter Hunt 2

Susanna Keynell widd’ 1 poor





Haselbury Bryan




Transcribed from original returns on microfilm by Tony Higgins.

(Note: Ornate letters and unusual spellings introduce uncertainties.) 

The English Revolution (1640-60) began in November 1640 when Charles 1st. summoned Parliament to help him out of a financial crisis. Charles was very unpopular and was forced to agree to radical reforms which gave Parliament a more prominent roll in the constitution.

The political crisis escalated and the "Long Parliament" split into two opposing parties in the Autumn of 1641, forming the King's party of Royalists (Cavaliers) and the Parliamentarians (Roundheads), who demanded further political and religious reforms. The events of 1640/41 led to the Civil War which began in August 1642.

It was agreed and ordered on the 3rd May 1641, that every Member of the House of Commons should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty), which the House of Lords also agreed to the following day.

The Commons ordered the printing of the protestation and preamble on the 5th May 1641 and this was distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The protestation itself reads:-

I,-------- do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as farr as lawfully I maye, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realme, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as alsoe the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same; and to my power, and as farr as lawfully I may, I will appose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any Thing to the contrary of any Thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Feare, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation


(Note: Ornate letters and unusual spellings introduce uncertainties.)



A noate of the names of all such persons as have taken the protestation made in parliament of the age of 18 years and upwards



Mr Thomas Clarke, rector

Richard Parrock

Mathew Loder

Nicholas Carmlin(?)

John Gapin

John Jolliffe the younger

William Romaine

Phillip Phillips

Thomas White

Thomas Kaynes

William ffoote

Richard Romaine

John Jolliffe the elder

John His(?)Bim(??)

Nicholas Jolliffe

John Crocker

Nicholas Gillet

Richard Younge

John Crosse

Thomas Loder

William Atkins

Andrew Loder

Richard Trim

Richard Curttis

George Sinklie(?)

Nicholas Comdye(?)

Aphrodosie Johnson

Thomas Browne

William Jacob

Laurence Burt

Humfy(?) Michell

Robert Cooke

William Corbin Jun.

James Durnford

Joseph Ingram

William Stirkley

Thomas Cooke

William Cobb

Aphrodosie Ingram

Richard Graunt

Mathew Ham

William Kaynes

John Drake

Robert Mitchell

John Gatrell

William Blanchard

John Day

Barnabie Gilbert

John Gilbert

William Loder the elder

William Loder the youn.

William Day

John Barnes

William Trim

Robert Thorne

John Ingram

Robert Hentridge

John Koate(?)

Thomas Kingman

Thomas Gay

William Johnson

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